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英语句子成分最全集合,一定能用上,先收藏再说

1、主语

英语句子成分最全集合,一定能用上,先收藏再说

主语表示句子主要说明的人或事物,一般由名词,代词,数词,不定式等充当。

He likes watching TV.他喜欢看电视。

2、谓语

谓语说明主语的动作,状态或特征。

一般可分为两类:

1),简单谓语

由动词(或短语动词)构成。

可以有不同的时态,语态和语气。

We study for the people.我们为人民学习。

2),复合谓语:情态动词+不定式

I can speak a little English.我可以说一点英语。

3、表语

表语是谓语的一部分,它位于系动词如be之后,说明主语身份,特征,属性或状态。一般由名词,代词,形容词,副词,不定式,介词短语等充当。

My sister is a nurse.我姐姐是护士。

4、宾语

宾语表示动作行为的对象,跟在及物动词之后,能作宾语的有名词,代词,数词,动词不定式等。

We like English.我们喜欢英语。

有些及物动词可以带两个宾语,往往一个指人,一个指物,指人的叫间接宾语,指物的叫直接宾语。

He gave me some ink.他给了我一点墨水。

有些及物动词的宾语后面还需要有一个补足语,意思才完整,宾语和它的补足语构成复合宾语。如:

We make him our monitor.我们选他当班长。

5、定语

在句中修饰名词或代词的成分叫定语。

用作定语的主要是形容词,代词,数词,名词,副词,动词不定式,介词短语等。形容词,代词,数词,名词等作定语时,通常放在被修饰的词前面。

He is a new student.他是个新生。

但副词,动词不定式,介词短语等作定语时,则放在被修饰的词之后。

The bike in the room is mine.房间里的自行车是我的。

6、状语

修饰动词,形容词,副词以及全句的句子成分,叫做状语。用作状语的通常是副词,介词短语,不定式和从句等。状语一般放在被修饰的词之后或放在句尾。副词作状语时可放在被修饰的词前或句首。

He lives in London.他住在伦敦。

7.补语

用来说明宾语或主语所处的状态或正在进行的动作,因为英语中有些动词加宾语后意思仍然不完整,如:make(使...),ask(请)等等。如果我们说:我们使我们的祖国。这不是一句完整的话。应该说:我们使我们的祖国更美丽。这是的“美丽的(beautiful)”为形容词做补语,说明祖国的状态。英语句子为:We will make our country more beautiful.作补语的词或词组为:形容词,副词,名词,不定式,ing形式,数词等。

8.宾补

就是宾语补足语,就是补充说明宾语的

例:I know you are student good at maths

在这个句子中,good at maths 就是补语。

宾语补语也可以是句子,所以这个句子也可以是:

I know you are student who is good at maths

还可以是-ing 形式

I see you crossing the street

简单说就是补充和说明主语和宾语的成分.因此,就出现了主语补足语和宾语补足语.上面两位举的例子都不错.只是热雪冰冷的宾补的句子例子不是很恰当哦.他的例子是定语从句 啊 还有 主语补足语可以是表语 例如:Tom is a student.student是对Tom的解释与说明. 另外,Tom was seen playing on the playground.这个句子中playing是对Tom的解释说明 是主补。

英语句子成分和英语句子结构讲解「1」

(一)句子成分

1.主语(subject): 句子说明的人或事物。

主语可以由名词、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、分词、主语从句和短语等来担任。

The sun rises in the east.(名词)

He likes dancing. (代词)

Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词)

Seeing is believing. (动名词)

To see is to believe. (不定式) What he needs is a book. (主语从句)

It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree.

(It形式主语,主语从句是真正主语)

2.谓语(predicate): 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

简单谓语:由动词或动词词组组成

I saw the flag on the top of the hill?

He looked after two orphans.

复合谓语:由情态动词或助动词+动词;

He can speak English well.

She doesn’t seem to like dancing.

3.表语(predicative): 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

He is a teacher. (名词)

Seventy-four! You don’t look it. (代词)

Five and five is ten. (数词)

He is asleep. (形容词)

His father is in. (副词)

The picture is on the wall. ( 介词短语)

My watch is gone / missing / lost. (形容词化的分词)

To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring. (不定式)

The question is whether they will come. (表语从句)

★(常见的系动词有: be, sound(听起来), look(看起来), feel(摸起来,smell(闻起来),

taste(尝、吃起来), remain(保持,仍是), feel(感觉) ...

It sounds a good idea.

The sound sounds strange.

Her voice sounds sweet.

Tom looks thin.

The food smells delicious.

The food tastes good.

The door remains open.

Now I feel tired.

4.宾语:

1)动作的承受者-----及物动词或介词的宾语

I like China. (名词)

He hates you. (代词)

How many do you need? We need two. (数词)

We should help the old and the poor. I enjoy working with you. (动名词)

I hope to see you again. (不定式)

Did you write down what he said? (宾语从句)

2) 介词后的名词、代词和动名词-----介宾

Are you afraid of the snake?

Under the snow, there are many rocks.

3) 双宾语-----间宾(指人)和直宾(指物)宾语分为直接宾语和间接宾语.直接宾语指物或事,间接宾语指人或动物.

He gave me a book yesterday.

Give the poor man some money.

指出下面句子的间接宾语和直接宾语:

please pass me the book.

He bought his girlfriend some flowers.

5.宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。有些及物动词除了有一个直接宾语以外,还要有一个宾语补足语,说明宾语的身份和状态以补充其意义不足,使句子的意义完整。这类常用的及物动词有 :

We elected him monitor. (名词)

We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. (名)

We will make them happy. (形容词)

We found nobody in. ( 副词 )

Please make yourself at home. (介词短语)

Don’t let him do that. (省to不定式)

His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (带to不定式)

Don’t keep the lights burning. (现在分词)

I’ll have my bike repaired. (过去分词)

6.主补:对主语的补充,全称为主语补足语。

He was elected monitor.

She was found singing in the next room.

He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.

7.定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。

Ai Yanling is a chemistry teacher.(名词)

He is our friend. (代词)

We belong to the third world. (数词)

He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(形容词)

The man over there is my old friend.(副词)

The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词)

The boys playing football are in Class 2. (现在分词)

The trees planted last year are growing well now. (过去分词)

I have an idea to do it well. (不定式)

You should do everything that I do. (定语从句)

定语后置:

如果定语是由一个单词表示时,通常要前置。而由一个词组或一个句子表示时,通常则后置

The girl in red is his sister.

We have a lot of work to do.

The girl standing under the tree is his daughter.

Do you know the man who spoke just now?

8.状语:用来修饰v., adj., adv., 或句子。表示时间、地点、原因、结果、程度、条件、方式和让步。 (以下例句按上述顺序排列)

I will go there tomorrow.

The meeting will be held in the meeting-room.

The meat went bad because of the hot weather.

He studies hard to learn English well.

He didn’t study hard so that he failed in the exam. I like some of you very much.

If you study hard, you will pass the exam. He goes to school by bike.

Though he is young, he can do it well.

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