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小学语法12(一般现在时和现在进行时的区分讲解及练习)

小学语法12(一般现在时和现在进行时的区分讲解及练习)

亲爱的小伙伴们,我们已经学习两个时态啦!今天让我们来比较一下一般现在时和现在进行时吧!

1. 表示的意义不同:

1)一般现在时表示习惯和无法改变的事实;

现在进行时表示正在干的事。

2. 句子中含有动词的个数不同

1)一般现在时只含有一个动词:be动词或者是示义动词,两者不得共存

2)现在进行时要含有两个动词:be动词和实义动词必须同时存在,且实义动词要用现在分词形式,也就是我们所说的动词ing形式

3. 句型变化:

1)一般现在时,变否定句和疑问句,要请do或does来帮忙。

2)现在进行时,变否定句和疑问句,只需要变化be的位置,和直接加not就可。

4. 时间标志不同:详情见前面所讲

练一练:(别忘了我们的做题步骤呀,尤其是时态混合练习的时候)

一. Read and write the right forms.

1. He usually______(play)football on Mondays.

2. Look!He is _____(play)football.

3. What does he usually_____(do)?

4. What is she ______(do)?

5. They usullay _______(watch)TV in the evening, but now they are______(read)books.

二. Patterns.

变为否定句和一般疑问句

1. Amy is flying a kite.

2. We have English classes every week.

3. He teaches them Chinese.

三. Read and correct.(改错题)

1. He usually read books at night.

2. Look!A bird singing in the tree.

3. They are have a class now.

4. What does he doing?

5. Is he fly a kite now?

人教七年级英语(下册)各单元必考英语作文+易错知识点归类例析

英语写作最能体现学生的综合英语水平,是我们在平时的学习中应该着重培养的一种能力。课本每个单元都会设置一个话题作文,供同学们练习,老师也会将其作为平时周测、月考、期中、期末等大小考试的测试题目定期考查。为方便大家学习、促进大家写作水平的提高,小编现将新人教版七年级下册各单元必考作文话题及其范文总结如下。

小学语法12(一般现在时和现在进行时的区分讲解及练习)

小学语法12(一般现在时和现在进行时的区分讲解及练习)

小学语法12(一般现在时和现在进行时的区分讲解及练习)

Unit1 Can you play the guitar?

【写作话题】本单元以能力为话题,谈论自己或他人的能力。如会干或不会干…….

【写作要求】新学期开始,七(1)班同学踊跃参加班干部竞选活动。假设你是Daming,请根据以下表格内容,写一篇竞选词。

提示词:would like, I can……, promise to

【优秀满分范文】

My name is Daming. I would like to be the class monitor. Here are my reasons(理由).

First, I can get on well with everyone, classmates and teachers. Second, I work very hard so I do well at school. Finally, I can help teachers and I’m ready to help others.

Choose me as the class monitor. I promise to help you and make our classroom beautiful.

Unit2 What time do you go to school?

【写作话题】本单元以日常生活习惯为话题,描述自己或他人的日常生活习惯。

【写作题目】根据下面提示写一篇50词左右的短文,介绍自己一天的活动安排情况。

【优秀满分范文】

I usually get up at 6:30 . Then I have breakfast . At 7:10 I go to school . We have four classes in the morning , and three classes in the afternoon . At 4:30 p.m. I go home . After supper I do my homework . I usually watch TV from 8:00 to 9:00.in the evening . Then I go to bed at 10:00.

Unit3 How do you get to school?

【写作话题】本单元以如何到某地为话题,描述请某地的方式。

【写作题目】根据下面提示写一篇70词左右的短文。

张静是我的好朋友,在青岛上学,她的家距离学校约3千米,她通常骑自行车去上学,大约用20分钟,但下雨时她乘出租车,大约5分钟。她的父母在离家8千米的一家医院工作,每天开汽车上班,大约要10分钟。

【优秀满分范文】

Zhang Jing is my good friend. She studies in Qingdao.

Her home is about three kilometers from school. She usually rides her bike to school and it takes her about twenty minutes .But when it rains, she goes to school by taxi. It takes her only five minutes . Her father and mother both work in a hospital. It’s eight kilometers from their home. They take a car to work . It takes them about ten minutes.

Unit4 Don’t eat in class.

【写作话题】本单元以规则话题,以祈使句表达规则。

【写作题目】根据下面提示写一篇60词左右的短文。

Tom 正和他的一个朋友Jim 谈论他所在的学校。Tom 很不喜欢这所学校,原因是这所学校的规章制度太多。

要点:(1)保持安静(2)不准吃零食(3)不准乱扔垃圾(4)不准打闹(5)按时上课(6)做好课前准备

【优秀满分范文】

Tom is talking about his school with his friend Jim. Tom tells Jim he doesn’t like this school very much, because there are too many school rules for us.

1. Keep quiet in the classroom ,please.

2. Don’t eat snacks in the classroom ,or it will make our classroom dirty.

3. Don’t throw around.

4. Don’t fight and chase after each other in the classroom. Of course, you can’t make any noise.

5. Please arrive at the class on time. Don’t be late, or our teachers will be unhappy.

6. Get ready before the class. Don’t look for anything after the class begins.

If we break any one of them, we will be punished.

Unit5 Why do you like pandas?

【写作话题】本单元以动物话题,描述自己喜欢的动物及原因。

【写作题目】根据下面表格的内容,以A Trip to the Zoo写一篇60词左右的短文介绍一下动物园新来的两只动物。

Animals

Names

From

Foods

Characters(性格)

Ages

Panda

Feifei

China

Bamboo

Lovely ,shy

2

Lion

Karl

Africa

meat

Strong, dangerous

3

【优秀满分范文】

A Trip to the Zoo

Welcome to the zoo. There are two new animals. The panda’s name is Feifei .She is from China .She likes eating bamboo. She is lovely and shy. She is only two years old. The other animal is a lion .His name is Karl. He is from Africa. He likes eating meat. He is very dangerous and strong. He is three years old .We all like them.

Unit6 I’m watching TV.

【写作话题】本单元以人们正在进行的活动话题,用现在进行时描述自己或他人正在进行的活动。

【写作题目】假设你叫魏梅,根据下面提示给你的朋友Helen 写一张明信片,介绍一下你和你的家人正在做什么,不少于60词。

提示:现在是星期三晚上八点,你的爷爷和爸爸在下象棋,奶奶和妈妈在看电视,姐姐在房间看书,哥哥在玩电脑游戏。你们很开心。

【优秀满分范文】

Dear Helen ,

How are you? It’s eight o’clock in the evening now. What are you doing now?

People in my family are doing different things. My brother is playing computer games. You see, he likes playing games very much. My grandpa and my father are playing chess. My grandma and my mother are watching TV and my sister is reading a book in her room. We are having a good time.

See you soon.

Love,

Wei Mei

Unit7 It’s raining!

【写作话题】本单元人们在各种天气里的活动话题,描述天气情况和人们正在进行的活动。

【写作题目】你家乡的气候怎样?你喜欢什么样的气候?以The Weather in My City 为题,写一篇介绍天气的短文。

【优秀满分范文】

The Weather in My City

Hello, everyone!I’m from Shengyang. Do you want to know what the weather is like here? Let me tell you!

Shengyang is in the northeast of China. In spring, the weather is changeable(多变的).Sometimes it’s warm, and sometimes it’s cold. In summer, it’s hot. But I like it very much because I like swimming. The autumn in Shengyang is very nice. It’s neither too hot nor too cold .In winter, it’s very cold. You can see heavy snow everywhere. I like snow. I like to make snowman with my friends.

Unit8 Is there a post office near here?

【写作话题】本单元以问路指路为话题,向他人问路或指路。

【写作题目】假设你叫李雷, 这个星期天是你的生日,你准备在家举办一个生日聚会,聚会在六点钟开始。你邀请了你的一些朋友参加,Susan 也在其中, 可她不知道去你家的路。你家住在Bridge Street,乘坐六路或八路公共汽车在Bridge Street站下车,下车后直走,然后在第一个十字路口右拐,左边有一个邮局,你家就在邮局的对面,房子是红色的,很容易找到。请根据所给信息给Susan写封邮件。

【优秀满分范文】

Dear Susan,

This Sunday is my birthday. I’ll have a birthday at my home. It starts at 6p.m.. Would you like to come? I’ll ask some of my friends to come.

My home is on Bridge Street. You can take a No.6 or No.8 bus, and get off on Bridge Street. Go straight ,and then turn right at the first crossing .You can see a post office on your left. My home is across from the post office. It is a red house. You won’t miss it.

Yours,

Li Lei

Unit9 What does he look like?

【写作话题】本单元以外表为话题,描述人的外貌爱好服饰等。

【写作题目】根据以下信息用英语写一则寻人启事。

Peter,今年四岁,今天在商店和妈妈走散。中等个头,短头发,小圆脸,大眼睛,上身穿白色的T恤,下身穿白裤子,脚穿一双黑色的运动鞋,还背着一个蓝色的小背包,请看到他的顾客把他领到广播室。

【优秀满分范文】

Ladies and Gentlemen,

we are looking for Peter. Peter, a four-year-old boy, was missing in the shop. He is of medium height, and he has short hair. His face is round, and his eyes are big. He wears a white T-shirt and white trousers, and a pair of black sports shoes. And he has a blue bag.

If someone finds him, please bring him into the Broadcasting Room. His mother is there.

Thank you.

Unit10 I’d like some noodles.

【写作话题】本单元以买东西服务用语为话题,谈论价格数量等。

【写作题目】根据以下信息为朱老大饺子屋( Zhu Laoda Dumpling House )写一则广告。

提示:(1) 本店饺子品种齐全,个大味美(2) 现有两种特价饺子:鸡蛋蔬菜饺子每10个3元;牛肉饺子每10个5元(3)欢迎光临本店。地址:光明路118号。电话:685-8588。

【优秀满分范文】

Zhu Laoda Dumpling House

Would you like to have dumplings? At Zhu Laoda Dumpling House ,we have all kinds of dumplings and they are all large and delicious.

Now we have two great specials! Special 1 has eggs and vegetables and is just 3 yuan for 10. Special 2 is only 5yuan for 10 and has beef and vegetables.

Welcome to our house! The address is No.118 Guangming Road .Our telephone number is 685-8588.

Unit11 How was your school trip?

【写作话题】本单元以学校旅行为话题,谈论学校旅行及假期生活,描述过去发生的事情及感受。

【写作题目】暑假已经过去,同学们都相互询问时如何度过这个假期的,请你用英语写一封信把你的假期和同学交流一下,向他们描述你的既有意义又充实的假期。

提示:(1)坚持运动,锻炼身体(2)多读好书(3)旅游观光(4)当一名志愿者(5)帮助父母。

【优秀满分范文】

Dear Li Ping,

I had a good time during my summer vacation. Here is my vacation to show you.

First I did sports and learned to play table tennis. It’s good for my health. Then I read some books .After that I enjoyed an interesting sight for two weeks. Also, I volunteered to serve in the volleyball game. Of course, at home I helped my parents do some cooking , washing and so on.

I think I had a wonderful time during the vacation . Did you have a nice summer vacation ? P lease tell me !

Yours

Tom

Unit12 What did you do last weekend?

【写作话题】本单元以过去发生话题,谈论学校旅行及假期生活,描述过去发生的事情及感受。

【写作题目】根据下面提示写短文:上周星期天,刘明贺他的朋友在山脚下野炊。他们中的一些人正在做游戏,一些在跳舞,他们感到很放松。突然,刘明看到一头山羊正在跑。他对此很感兴趣,平且开始追它跑了很长一段时间。当他想起他的朋友们时,他不知道他在哪儿。他迷路了。在那时,一个农夫过来,在他的帮助下,刘明又找到了他的朋友们。他感谢这位农夫平且向你告别。

【优秀满分范文】

Last Sunday, Liu Ming and his friends went for a picnic at the foot of the mountain.

Some of them were playing games. Some were dancing. They felt very relaxed. Suddenly, Liu Ming saw a goat running . He was interested in it and began to run after it for a long time . When he thought of his friends again, he got lost. At that time, a farmer came. With his help ,Liu Ming found his friends again. He thanked the farmer and said "Goodbye” to him.

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七下的课程已经上得差不多了,接下来就是纠错和复习了,为此,老师特意给大家整理了一期关于七下英语易错知识点归类例析,必考内容抓紧收藏。

一、名词类

1. 这些女老师们在干什么?

误:What are the woman teachers doing?正:What are the women teachers doing?析:在英语中,当一名词作定语修饰另一名词(单或复数形式)时,作定语的名词一般要用其单数形式;但当man,woman作定语修饰可数名词复数形式时,要用其复数形式men, women。

2. 房间里有多少人?

误:How many peoples are there in the room?正:How many people are there in the room?析:people作“人、人们”解时,是个集合名词,其单复数同形。

3. 我想为我儿子买两瓶牛奶。

误:I want to buy two bottle of milk for my son.正:I want to buy two bottles of milk for my son.析:表示不可数名词的数量时,常用“a / an或数词+表量的可数名词+of+不可数名词”这一结构, 其中当数词大于1时,表量的可数名词要用其复数形式。

二、动词类

4. 你妹妹通常什么时候去上学?

误:What time does your sister usually goes to school?正:What time does your sister usually go to school?析:借助助动词do(或does)构成疑问句或否定句时,句中的谓语动词用其原形。

5. 琳达晚上经常做作业,但今晚她在看电视。

误:Linda often do her homework in the evening, but this evening she watching TV.正:Linda often does her homework in the evening, but this evening she is watching TV.析:在初一英语学习阶段,我们接触到了两种主要时态:一般现在时和现在进行时。一般现在时表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常和 often,usually,sometimes 等时间状语连用。在一般现在时的句子中,若主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词要用其第三人称单数形式。现在进行时表示现阶段正在进行或发生的动作,现在进行时由be (am / is / are) + ving形式构成。

6. 这双鞋是红色的。

误:This pair of shoes are red.正:This pair of shoes is red.析:在shoes, trousers, gloves,glasses等表示成双成对的衣物或工具名词前用pair(表计量)修饰时,谓语动词的形式由pair的单复数形式来决定。

三、代词类

7. 这张票是她的,不是我的。

误:This is hers ticket. It's not my.正:This is her ticket. It's not mine.析:物主代词有形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词之分。形容词性物主代词之后一定要接名词,而名词性物主代词之后不需接任何词。

8. 吴老师教我们英语。

误:Miss Wu teaches our English.正:Miss Wu teaches us English.析:teach sb. sth.中的sb.作teach的宾语,因此当sb.为人称代词时要用其宾格形式。

四、介词类

9. 你能找到这个问题的答案吗?

误:Can you find the answer of this question?正:Can you find the answer to this question?析:英语中用“the answer to…”表示“……的答案”。类似结构还有the key to the door, the way to the zoo等。

10. 格林先生星期六上午来这里。

误:Mr Green will come here in Sunday morning.正:Mr Green will come here on Sunday morning.析:表示在上午、下午等时,介词要用in;而表示在具体的某天上午、下午时,介词要用on。

11. 那个穿着红裙子的小女孩是我们老师的女儿。

误:That little girl on a red skirt is our teacher's daughter.正:That little girl in a red skirt is our teacher's daughter.析:用介词表示“穿戴衣物”时,只能用in,其他介词没有此用法。

五、副词类

12. 莉莉,你为什么不回家呢?

误:Lily, why don't you go to home?正:Lily, why don't you go home?析:come, go等后接here, there, home等地点副词时,地点副词前不加to。

六、连词类

13. 我喜欢语文和英语,但我不喜欢体育和历史。

误:I like Chinese and English, but I don't like P.E. and history.正:I like Chinese and English, but I don't like P.E. or history.析:在肯定句中并列成分之间用and来连接;而在否定句中,并列成分之间的连接需用or。

七、冠词类

14. 乘飞机去北京花了史密斯一家人一个小时。

误:It takes Smiths a hour to go to Beijing by a plane.正:It takes the Smiths an hour to go to Beijing by plane.析:1. 表示“……一家人”用结构“the + 姓氏复数”;2. hour 一词的第一个字母不发音,它是以元音音素开头的,所以“一小时”要用 an hour;3. 用介词by表示“乘坐”某种交通工具时,交通工具名词前不加任何冠词。

八、句法类

15. ――你不是学生吗?――不,我是学生。

误:--Aren't you a student? --No, I am.正:--Aren't you a student? --Yes, I am.析:对否定疑问句的回答是用Yes还是用No,这取决于实际情况:如果事实是肯定的,就用Yes表“不”;如果事实是否定的,就用No表“是的”。

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